Bad Debt Provision Accounting

A customer has been invoiced a total of 500 for goods and the business has decided that there is doubt as to whether the customer can pay in full. They have decided to make a bad debt provision (allowance for doubtful accounts) against the debtor of 200.

The original invoice would have been posted to the debtors control, so the balance on the customers account before the bad debt provision is 500.

A provision for bad debts is recorded in the accounting records as follows:

Journal Entry for the Bad Debt Provision

The accounting records will show the following bookkeeping entries for the bad debt write off.

Journal Entry for Bad Debt Provision
Account Debit Credit
Bad debt expense 200
Bad debt provision 200
Total 200 200

Bad Debt Provision Bookkeeping Entries Explained

Debit
The provision for the bad debt is an expense for the business and a charge is made to the income statements through the bad debt expense account.
Credit
The amount owed by the customer is still 500 and remains as a debit on the debtors control account.  However, the credit above is placed on the bad debt provision account in the balance sheet to reflect the uncertainty over payment.

The Accounting Equation

The Accounting Equation, Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity means that the total assets of the business are always equal to the total liabilities of the business. This is true at any time and applies to each transaction. For this transaction the Accounting equation is shown in the following table.

Bad Debt Provision Accounting Equation
Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity
Bad debt provision =  None +  Bad debt expense
– 200 = 0 + – 200

In this case an asset (net debtors) is reduced by the credit entry on the provision for bad debts accounts. The net debtor which was 500, is now 500 less the provision for bad debts of 200 = 300.  In addition, the income statement has been charged with the bad debt expense, reducing the owners equity.

Note: The expense in the income statement reduces the net income which reduces the retained earnings and therefore the owners equity in the business.

Popular mdct.ru Examples

Another mdct.ru example for you to discover.

Bad Debt Provision Accounting June 6th, 2017Team

You May Also Like


Related pages


annuity formula future valuefuture value of annuity table pdfsuspense examplesgoodwill double entrynumber of days sales in receivables formulacash received from customers journal entryaccounting equation templateaging analysis of accounts receivablefinancial accounting worksheetsannuity growth formulapresent annuity formulapurpose of preparing trial balancehow to make adjusting journal entriespresent value of annuitiesbalance sheet sample excelis petty cash an expenseaccounting amortization schedulepost closing trail balancediminishing value depreciation formulacontribution margin vs gross marginaccounting equation questions and answersdouble declining balance equationsample payment voucher formatpresent value annuity factor calculatorwhat is accruals and prepaymentspayback equationunrealized gain on income statementliquidating partnerdiminishing value depreciation calculationperpetuity modelsundry debtors in balance sheetfixed asset turnover ratio formula exampleuk margin calculatortvm calculatorfob point meansmarkup percentage formulaformula to find cost of goods solddeclared cash dividendpv of growing annuityaccount receivable normal balanceproveit excel test tutorialhow to calculate the markupexamples of debit and credit entriesdebtor turnover ratio formulacontinuos compoundingdisbursement voucher templatefixed overhead expenditure varianceaccounting for consignment stockprepayment in balance sheetmulti step income statement excel templatehow to calculate inventory turnover periodincome statement formulasannual depreciation formulawhat is roce ratioprofit markup calculatorasset register samplepetty cash journal entriesexamples of accrued liabilitiescalculation of debtor daysaccounting general ledger examplesdefinition of capital employedstraight line depreciation no salvagehow to calculate margins and markupsinvoiced meaningaccounting general journal templatemonthly dso calculationannuity factor calculatorpresent value chart $1calculate discount excelcash accounting versus accrual accountingthe accounts receivable ledgerage of accounts receivableaverage number of days to collect accounts receivable formula