Classification of Cash Flows

The statement of cash flows, sometimes referred to as the cash flow statement, is classified by activity to provide more detail to help users to assess the ability of a business to generate cash flow from a particular activity.

The classification is based on the commercial substance of the transaction rather than its legal form.

The classification of cash flows is carried out by identifying the cash flow with one of three business activities.

  1. Operating activities cash flow
  2. Investing activities cash flow
  3. Financing activities cash flow

The identification and classification of cash flows into business activities is summarized in the illustration shown below. A PDF version of this diagram is available for download at the bottom of the page.

classification of cash flows v 1.0
Classification of Cash Flows (Click to enlarge)

Statement of Cash Flows Operating Activities

Cash flows from operating activities are cash flows which are generated by the main revenue producing activities of the business, usually cash receipts from the sale of goods and services.

The operating activities cash flow is a key indicator that the trading activities of the business can generate sufficient cash to keep the business operational, repay loans to lenders, and pay dividends to shareholders.

Further details on cash flows from operating activities can be found in our operating cash flow from trading tutorial.

Statement of Cash Flows Investing Activities

Cash flows from investing activities are normally identified by whether or not they result in a change to long term assets (fixed assets). For example, the purchase of equipment results in a cash flow out of the business and an increase in the amount of equipment (long term assets) held by the business. The cash flow would be regarded as an investing activities cash flow.

Further details on this type of cash flow can be found in our cash flow from investing activities tutorial.

Statement of Cash Flows Financing Activities

Cash flows from financing activities can be identified by whether or not they result in a change in either equity or borrowings of the business. For example, the issue of new shares changes the equity of the business, and the cash proceeds from the new issue would be classified as a cash flow from financing activities. Likewise, the repayment of a loan results in a change in the borrowings of the business and the repayment would again be classified as a financing activities cash flow.

Further details on this type of cash flow can be found in our cash flow from financing activities tutorial.

The classification of cash flows diagram used in this article is available for download in PDF format by following the link below.

Classification of Cash Flows November 6th, 2016Team

You May Also Like


Related pages


days sales in accounts receivable ratioinfinite annuitymaterial requisition slip formatstandard costing varianceperpetuity formula present valueaccounts payable general ledgercalculate manufacturing overhead costaccounting retained earnings formulabad debt expense equationwrite off of inventory due to obsolescencefuture value of bond calculatorformula pmtexcel function pmtaccounting contra accountbad debts journal entriesnper formula excelhow to calculate inventory conversion periodpurchase ledger reconciliationaccounting equation spreadsheetdefine imprest accountmirr calculation examplepv of annuitycalculating ending retained earningshow to record accrued expensegeneral ledger for dummieswhere is deferred revenue on the balance sheetirr on excelformula of total variable costtill reconciliation sheetdebtors control account reconciliationwhat are trade debtors and trade creditorsobsolete and slow moving inventory definitioncost of good sold formula manufacturingbank account ledger templatewhat is a growing perpetuityirr functionretained earning statement exampleadjusting entries for notes payableoverheads allocationpv annuityadvantages of petty cashemployee timesheet templateaccounts spreadsheet excelaccounting equation worksheet templateaccruals double entrypresent value of a growing annuitypv of dividends calculatorthe present value of a perpetuitydirect material formulaentry for salary payablefob basis meanscreditors accounts payableformat ledgera subsidiary ledger isnotes payable debit or creditbank reconciliation interview questionsaccrual bookingreceivable turnover periodadvantages of payback periodaccrued vacation accountingcash suspense account definitionpresent value annuitiesclosing inventory holding periodtable of future value annuity factorsaccounting equations cheat sheetpurchased goods on credit journal entrieshow to calculate bad debt expensecost of capital calculation excelhow to book accrued expensesbank reconciliation definition in accountinghow to calculate sales revenue from balance sheetdouble entry accounting tutorialcreditor meaning in accountingtransposed numbers divisible by 9