NSF Check

An NSF check is a check returned by a bank for non-sufficient funds. For example, a business might accept a check in settlement of an accounts receivable balance on a customer account. The business sends the check to the bank for payment, but due to lack of funds on the checking account of the customer, the bank does not honor the check and returns it.

An NSF check can also be referred to as a non-sufficient funds check, bounced check, returned check or an insufficient funds check.

NSF Check Journal Entry

When a non-sufficient funds check is returned a journal entry is required to reflect the non payment on the customer account.

Suppose for example a customer settles their account with a check for 250, the business posts the check as normal and clears the balance on the customer account. The check is then forwarded to the bank and is subsequently returned due to non-sufficient funds on the customers account.

In this instance the journal entry to record the NSF check is as follows

NSF Check Returned Journal Entry
Account Debit Credit
Accounts receivable 250
Cash 250
Total 250 250

The Accounting Equation for an NSF Check

The Accounting Equation, Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity means that the total assets of the business are always equal to the total liabilities plus the owners equity of the business. This is true at any time and applies to each transaction.

For this NSF check transaction the accounting equation is shown in the following table.

NSF Check – Accounting Equation
Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity
Accounts receivable + Cash = None + None
250 + (-250) = 0 + 0

In this case one balance sheet asset (accounts receivable) has been increased by 250 to reflect the fact that the customer still owes the business the balance on the account. In addition, another asset (cash) has decreased as the business has not received the cash from the customer.

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