## Present Value Annuity Calculator

The present value annuity calculator is used to calculate what a cash sum received at the end of each period for n periods is worth today, taking into account a discount rate i.

Present Value Annuity Calculator November 6th, 2016

## Present Value of a Lump Sum Calculator

The present value of lump sum calculator is used to calculate what a cash lump sum received in the future is worth today.

Present Value of a Lump Sum Calculator November 6th, 2016

## Continuous Compounding

Normally when computing compound interest the compounding period is a discrete interval, annually, quarterly, monthly, weekly etc. There is nothing however to stop the compounding period getting smaller and smaller until eventually interest is calculated on the balance of the principal amount plus accumulated interest on a continuous basis.

Continuous Compounding November 6th, 2016

## Loan Balance Formula

The loan balance annuity formula is used to find the balance outstanding on a loan by calculating the present value of the remaining loan installments. The payments are for the same amount, made at the end of each period, and a discount rate i% is applied.

Loan Balance Formula November 6th, 2016

## NPV and Taxes

The NPV (net present value) of an investment is calculated by adding together the present value of each of the individual cash flows associated with the investment. The purpose of this tutorial is to discuss the effect of taxation and depreciation on each of the investment cash flows and, as a result, on the NPV of the investment itself.

NPV and Taxes November 6th, 2016

## Present Value of Annuity Due Calculator

The present value of annuity due calculator is used to calculate what a cash sum received at the start of each period for n periods is worth today, taking into account a discount rate i.

Present Value of Annuity Due Calculator November 6th, 2016

## Present Value of a Perpetuity Calculator

The present value of a perpetuity calculator is used to calculate what an infinite stream of identical cash flows made at regular intervals over time is worth today.

Present Value of a Perpetuity Calculator November 6th, 2016

## Stock Valuation Calculator

The stock valuation calculator works out the price of a stock using the present value of a growing perpetuity formula. The calculator is based on the Gordon growth model, and assumes dividend payments are growing at a constant rate each period and continue forever.

Stock Valuation Calculator November 6th, 2016

## Present Value of a Growing Annuity Formula

The present value of a growing annuity formula is used to calculate the present value of a series of periodic payments which increase at a constant rate each period. The payments made at the end of each period, and a discount rate i% is applied.

Present Value of a Growing Annuity Formula November 6th, 2016

## Present Value of Annuity Due Formula

The present value of an annuity due formula is used to calculate the present value of a series of periodic payments. The payments are for the same amount, made at the start of each period, and a discount rate i% is applied.

Present Value of Annuity Due Formula November 6th, 2016

## Excel PV Function

The Excel PV function is one of many Excel financial functions, and can be used to calculate the present value in excel of a lump sum, an annuity, or an annuity due. It has the syntax PV (Rate, Nper, Pmt, FV, Type).

Excel PV Function November 6th, 2016

## Excel NPV Function

The Excel NPV function is used to calculate the present value of unequal cash flows in time value of money calculations.

To calculate the net present value of a project, the original investment at the start of the project needs to be deducted from the answer provided by the Excel NPV function.

Excel NPV Function November 6th, 2016

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