A basket purchase or lump sum acquisition of long term assets refers to the purchase by a business of a group (basket) of assets, including property, plant and equipment, for a total purchase price which has not been attributed to the individual assets.
In order to correctly show the assets in the records of the business and to allow the correct depreciation calculations to be carried out, it is necessary to allocate the basket purchase price to the individual assets acquired.
Basket Purchase Allocation Example
Suppose a business acquires a group of assets comprising property, plant and equipment for 35,000. The estimated fair market value of the individual assets is as shown in the table below:
Clearly the total value of the individual assets (50,000) is greater than the basket purchase price paid (35,000).
The purchase price of 35,000 is now allocated in proportion to the value of the assets.
Basket Purchase Allocation Journal Entry
Having allocated the purchase price of 35,000 to each of the individual assets, it can now be recorded with the following basket purchase journal entry.
Basket Purchase of Similar Assets
In the above example the basket purchase of assets related to items of property, plant, and equipment and the allocation divided the price into these three categories. The same technique can equally be applied to assets of a similar nature.
For example, the business might have purchased three manufacturing machines for 15,000 with fair values of 20,000, 12,000 and 8,000 receptively. Using the same techniques the allocation of the basket price would appear as follows: