Fixed Asset Trade In

When a business purchases a new asset such as a motor vehicle, it is quite common to trade in or part exchange an old asset to satisfy part of the new asset purchase cost.

Suppose a business trades in an old motor vehicle which originally cost 17,000 and has accumulated depreciation of 11,000, and purchases a new vehicle costing 30,000 in return for cash of 25,000 and a trade in allowance of 5,000 on the old motor vehicle.

Assuming the transaction has commercial substance, first we need to calculate the loss on disposal of the old motor vehicle. Since it was exchanged for fair value of 5,000 and had a net book value of 6,000 (17,000 – 11,000), the loss on disposal must have been 1,000.

Fixed Asset Trade In Journal Entry

The fixed asset trade in transaction is shown in the accounting records with the following bookkeeping entries:

Fixed asset trade in journal
Account Debit Credit
Fixed assets 30,000 17,000
Accumulated depreciation 11,000
Loss on disposal 1,000
Cash 25,000
Total 42,000 42,000

Fixed Asset Trade In Bookkeeping Explained

Debit
The new motor vehicle (30,000) is brought into the business, and the business makes a loss (1,000) on disposal of the old vehicle.

Credit
The old vehicle (17,000-11,000), and the cash (25,000) leave the business and are used to pay for the new motor vehicle.

The Accounting Equation

The Accounting Equation, Assets = Liabilities + Capital means that the total assets of the business are always equal to the total liabilities of the business This is true at any time and applies to each transaction. For this transaction the Accounting equation is shown in the following table.

Fixed asset trade in accounting equation
Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity
Fixed Assets + Cash = None + Loss on Disposal
24,000 – 25,000 = 0 1,000

In this case the net book value (cost less accumulated depreciation) of the fixed assets increases by 24,000, which is the new vehicle (30,000) less the net book value of the old vehicle (17,000 – 11,000 = 6,000). In addition the asset of cash in reduced by 25,000 as cash is used in part payment of the new vehicle.

On the other side of the accounting equation, the loss on disposal of the old vehicle (1,000) reduces the net income of the business, which decreases the retained earnings and therefore the owners equity in the business.

Note: If the transaction lacked commercial substance only the gain on the cash element of the transaction can be recognized.

Popular mdct.ru Examples

Another mdct.ru example for you to discover.

Fixed Asset Trade In April 9th, 2017Team

You May Also Like


Related pages


calculating yield to maturity in exceldefine bank reconciliation statementhow to make income statement from trial balanceadvantages and disadvantages of accounting rate of returnaverage number of days to collect accounts receivable formulafactor account receivableexcel rate formula exampleexample of lifoexample of factory overheadperpetuity npvhow to calculate contribution margin ratiomeaning of narration in accountingperpituity formulahow to calculate operating leverageaccount payable journal entryvertical analysis accountingexamples of horizontal analysishow to calculate pmt formulaannuity factor excelfuture value of a lump sumhow to record sale of asset in quickbooksallowance to reduce inventory to marketpurchase price variance calculationreducing balance interest calculatorpredetermined manufacturing overhead ratedebtors to sales ratiocapital turnover formuladouble entry for debit notewhat is consignee and consignorthe dupont equationaccrued expense accountingpaid in capital in excess of par balance sheetaccrued expenses examplesdepreciation spreadsheetdepreciation formulasjournal entry for wagesaccounts receivable process flow diagramchart of accounts pakistanbasic accounting spreadsheetfv pv formulawip balance sheetpetty cash template wordmargin markup calculatordefinition of bookeepingsales ledger account formatmanufacturing over headloan write off accounting treatmentpresent value of deferred annuity calculatorissuance of bonds payableexplain double entry bookkeepingdouble entry bookkeeping exercisesfob plant definitionmanufacturing overhead controlaccounts payable entry examplepercent of completion methodgross profit journal entrynormal balance for accounts payableto record annual depreciation expensegaap fixed assetcalculating ending inventorytrade payables definitionmargin or markuptotal asset turnover exampleyear end adjusting entries exampleshow to calculate percentage of completion in excelwhat are the closing entriesdebits and credits for dummiesfinancial statements for non profit organizations exampleformula to find variable costdebit credit journal entriesannuity due chartcalculating yield to maturity in excelreclass journal entries examplepurchase of treasury stock journal entryperpetuity financial calculatorincome statement for the month endedperiodic perpetualdiscounted present value excelmortgage annuity formula