## Formula

FV = PV x (1 + i)^{n}

**Variables used in the formula**

PV = Present Value

FV = Future Value

i = Discount rate

n = Number of periods

## Use

The future value of a lump sum formula shows what a cash lump sum received today will be worth in the future.

The formula compounds the value of a lump sum at the start of period 1 (present value), forward to its value at the end of period n (future value).

## Excel Function

The Excel FV function can be used instead of the future value of a lump sum formula, and has the syntax shown below.

FV(i, n, pmt, PV, type)

*The pmt and type arguments are not used when calculating the future value of a lump sum.

## Future Value of a Lump Sum Formula Example

If a lump sum of 15,000 is received at the start of period 1, and the discount rate is 5%, then the value of the lump sum at the end of period 10 is given by the future value of a lump sum formula as follows:

FV = FV x (1 + i)^{n}FV = 15,000 x (1 + 5%)^{10}FV = 24,433.42

The same answer can be obtained using the future value formula in Excel as follows:

FV = -FV(i,n,,PV) FV = -FV(5%,10,,15000) FV = 24,433.42

The future value of a lump sum formula is one of many used in time value of money calculations, discover another at the link below.