Interest Coverage Ratio

What is the Interest Coverage Ratio?

The interest coverage ratio measures the amount of earnings a business has available to make interest payments. It is calculated by dividing the earnings before interest and tax by the interest expense. It is sometimes called the interest cover ratio, times interest earned ratio, interest coverage or simply interest cover.

Formula for Interest Coverage Ratio

Interest Coverage Ratio = Earnings before interest and tax / Interest Expense
  • Earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) is shown in the income statement. It is sometimes referred to as profit before interest and tax (PBIT).
  • The interest expense is also found in the income statement and may be called interest or interest paid (interest received should be excluded from the calculation).

How to Calculate the Interest Cover Ratio

Income Statement
Revenue 440,000
Cost of sales 176,000
Gross profit 264,000
Operating expenses 135,000
EBITDA 129,000
Depreciation 65,000
Earnings before interest and tax 64,000
Interest 20,000
Profit before tax 44,000
Tax 9,000
Profit after tax 35,000

In the example above the earnings before interest and tax 64,000 and the interest expense is 20,000. The interest coverage ratio is given by using the formula Interest Coverage multiple = Earnings before interest and tax / Interest expense = 64,000 / 20,000 = 3.20.

Interest Coverage Ratio Interpretation

The interest cover ratio is a measure of the ability of a business to make interest payments on its debt, as such it is a measure of the credit worthiness of the business.

The business should aim to have a high interest coverage ratio which implies a profitable business with low debt. A high interest coverage will give a measure of security to the people who have lent the business money.

Useful tips for Using the Interest Coverage Ratio

  • The interest coverage ratio will vary from industry to industry. To make comparisons you need to use a comparable business operating in your sector.
  • The interest cover ratio would normally be in the range of  1.5 to 2.0 although is can go higher in the short term for some businesses.
  • If the coverage ratio is less than 1 it means that the earnings available is not sufficient to cover the interest expense.
  • The interest cover ratio may be referred to as times interest earned or times interest earned ratio.
  • The interest coverage ratio is one of the criteria a bank will look at when considering whether to lend to the business.
Interest Coverage Ratio December 29th, 2016Team

You May Also Like

Related pages

excel job costing templatewhat is amortised costsmall business bookkeeping template excelaccounts payable to inventory ratiowhat are the efficiency ratiosjournal entry for amortizationdebtors turnover ratio formulastandard costing journal entriesdeferred tax accounting journal entriesadjusting entries depreciationpayback periodswhat is the present value of an annuityaccounts receivable tutorialinvestment accounting journal entriesdiminishing value depreciation formulavariable costing definitionstock split journal entry examplecontribution margin methodbad debts written off meaningcash denomination formatuk margin calculatordecline in value calculatorraw material requisitionpaid dividends to stockholders journal entryhow to find asset turnover ratiocredit and debit chartretained earning formulaannuity factor calculatorcashier chequecredit sales on balance sheetaccrual adjusting entries examplesfob meaning shippinghow to record payroll journal entriesintangibles accountingdisposal of fixed assets journal entryexamples of variable expensechart of accounts template canadaintercompany loan accounting treatmentbalance sheet prepaymentsperpetuity formula with growthjournal entry for accrued rentaccrued expense adjusting entrypremium on bond payableprepaid expense examplecalculate the total estimated bad debtshow to work out provision for doubtful debtsreversing journal entriesfifo vs lifo examplescollection period ratio formulacumulative compound interest formulaafs securitiesconsignment agent meaningjournal entry for leasehold improvementsgearing ratios formulapetty cash imprest system templateaccounting merchandise inventory journal entrysample accounting worksheethow to calculate finished goods inventorynpv perpetuity formula excelpv of single sum tabledepreciation calculator excelpetty cash voucher templatesales ledger control account formatreconciliation journal entriesjournal entries for bank reconciliation examplespreadsheet accounting templateannual depreciation formulafunctional format income statementexample of bookkeeping recordsaccounting for preferred stock dividendsaccount receivable is debtor or creditorasset turnover ratio calculationtrial balance and balance sheet exampledividends payable journal entryroce return on capital employeddouble declining balance exceladjusting entry in accountinginventory accrualsexamples of bookkeeping spreadsheetsreconciling control accountsmarkup to marginpre incorporation expenses