Prepaid Rent Accounting

Prepaid rent is an amount for rent which has been paid in advance.

A business has an annual office rent of 12,000 and pays the landlord 3 months in advance on the first day of each quarter. On the 1 April it pays the next quarters rent in advance of 3,000 to cover the months of April, May and June. It has a prepaid rent of 3,000.

The recording of the prepaid rent is in two parts:

  1. The payment of cash to create the prepayment on the 1 April.
  2. The adjusting entry at the end of March to reflect the rent expense of 1,000 for that month.

1. Prepaid Rent Payment Journal Entry

To record the payment of cash which created the pre paid rent, the accounting records will show the following bookkeeping entries on 1 April:

Prepaid rent journal entry – Cash paid
Account Debit Credit
Prepaid rent account 3,000
Cash 3,000
Total 3,000 3,000

Prepaid Rent Payment Bookkeeping Entries Explained

Debit – What came into the business
An asset came into the business. The business has paid the rent in advance and has the right to use the premises for the following three month period of April, May, and June. The pre paid rent account is a balance sheet account shown under the heading of current assets.

Credit – What went out of the business
Cash went out of the business to make the prepayment.

The Accounting Equation and Prepaid Rent

The Accounting Equation, Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity means that the total assets of the business are always equal to the total liabilities plus the equity of the business This is true at any time and applies to each transaction. For this transaction the Accounting equation is shown in the following table.

Prepaid Rent – Accounting Equation
Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity
Prepaid rent – Cash = None + None
3,000 – 3,000 = 0 + 0

In this case one asset (pre paid rent) has been increased by 3,000 and the other (cash) has been reduced by a similar amount.

2. Prepaid Rent Journal Entry

At the end of April one third of the prepaid rent expense (1,000) will have been used up as the business has used the premises for that month. This must now be become an expense in the income statement for April, the pre paid rent accounting is as follows:

Prepaid rent journal entry – Rent expense for April
Account Debit Credit
Rent expense 1,000
Prepaid rent account 1,000
Total 1,000 1,000

Prepaid Rent Bookkeeping Entries Explained

Debit – What came into the business
The business had use of the premises for one month, and this is now an expense for the month of April.

Credit – What went out of the business
The pre paid rent (asset) has been reduced. At the end of April, only two months (May and June) have now been paid in advance

This journal would be repeated at the end of May and June until the pre paid rent of 3,000 has been charged as an expense to the income statement and the pre paid rent account balance has been reduced to zero.

The Accounting Equation

The Accounting Equation, Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity means that the total assets of the business are always equal to the total liabilities plus the equity of the business This is true at any time and applies to each transaction. For this transaction the Accounting equation is shown in the following table.

Prepaid Rent – Accounting Equation
Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity
Prepaid rent = None + Retained earnings
-1,000 = 0 + -1,000

In this case the asset (pre paid rent) has been reduced by 1,000 and the income statement has a rent expense of 1,000. The expense in the income statement reduces the net income which reduces the retained earnings and therefore the owners equity in the business.

Further details on the treatment of pre paid rent can be found in our prepaid expenses tutorial.

Popular mdct.ru Examples

Another mdct.ru example for you to discover.

Prepaid Rent Accounting June 6th, 2017Team

You May Also Like


Related pages


how to calculate growing perpetuitywhat is unadjusted trial balancecalculate double declining depreciationannuity factor calculationcommon stockholder equityaccounting equation templateinventory accounting entries exampleaccrual accounting and adjusting entriesmarkup on cost vs markup on selling priceprovision of doubtful debts journal entriesformat of bank reconciliation statementblank ledger sheetformula for pv of annuitycapital lease vs operating lease exampleexamples of debit and credit entriesinfinite annuitydebt factoring with recourseaccounting ledgers templatesnpv perpetuity calculatordifferent types of journal entries in accountingrequisition form templatewarranty expensedeferred revenue entriesperiodic inventory system journal entriessum of the digits depreciationpayroll accounting meaningaccounting flowchartbad debts journal entriesadjusting entries merchandise inventorybookkeeping cash bookcash ledger examplethe imprest systemis prepaid expense a liabilitynormal balance for assetsgeneral ledger basicsweighted average unit contribution marginmarkup cost formulawriting off accounts receivableannual straight line depreciation formulahow to calculate total asset turnover ratiowhats a fixed costhow to calculate receivable turnoverbalancing petty cashconsignment journal entrieshow to figure out gross profit marginrate variance formulapresent value of an annuity due formularetained earnings meaningcash flow statement samplespetty cash account definitionaccounts payable and receivable interview questions and answersdeferred tax asset calculationtwo column journal accountinghow to calculate percentage markupformula for turnover ratioequity multiplier formulacalculating allowance for doubtful accountssum of digits depreciationput option accounting entries8 steps in the accounting cycleprepaid accounting entryvoucher sample formatnet30 termsmargin markupcost of goods sold formulaswhat does fob mean on an invoiceyear end closing entries examplesverifiability principle accountingallowance method journal entrylifo to fifo conversioninventory journal entries examplesselling margin formulahow to depreciate fixed assetsperiodic inventory system fifoimprest accountinghow to calculate perpetuitydoes bad debt expense go on the income statement